The first known miniature trees in Japan were imported from China by scholars and Buddhist students in the 6th century. These trees were called penjing, a Chinese term meaning”tray scenery,” or penzai,”tray plant.”
In China, Zen Buddhists prized these dwarfed trees, which have been found in the wild and full of knots and twists. Of no practical value, they were considered to be full of natural energy because of their uncultivated nature. Later, as the popularity of the art spread, techniques were developed to cultivate dwarfed trees in order to fulfill demand that exceeded the availability of wild specimens. They have been popular among scholars and the wealthy, who used potted trees to accent their elaborate gardens.
In Japan, the influence of Zen aesthetics and the idea of”beauty in austerity” led to the creation of a distinctly Japanese style. Bonsai, a Japanese pronunciation of penzai, highlighted a single ideal tree rather than emulating a natural landscape. From the 14th century, the term for these potted trees was hachi-no-ki,”tree in a bowl,” suggesting that at this time, the trees had been planted in deep strands of Chinese style. Bonsai as a term became popular in the 17th century, when clinics shifted to utilize shallow Japanese-style trays to cultivate bonsai; the method preferred now.
The Chinese tree-sculpting techniques expanded to include a variety of practices and tools designed to produce an illusion of age and wildness from the cultivated trees. These included special pruning techniques that create natural-seeming branch breaks and holes rather than artificial stumps, pruning and wiring to form branches, and a suite of bark-removal methods that create dead wood, in order to simulate the appearance of trees which have been damaged by fire, struck by lightning, or otherwise subjected to natural hardships in their lifetime. Development of these techniques continues to the modern day.
There is so much wonder and funny details about it that all these individuals have become so enthusiastic about this terrific Australian natural wonder. It is vast marine life, its sun-kissed beaches, it is warm turquoise waters and all of the memorable memories, experiences, and miracles awaiting those who visit.
It is the world’s largest coral reef. This reef comprises an abundance of marine life and contains of over 3000 individual coral cays and reef systems and literally hundreds and hundreds of scenic tropical islands with some of the world’s most beautiful sun-soaked, golden beaches.
And so, pulling back and having a look at it, from a distance, one would readily understand why. It’s thought of as bigger than the Great Wall of China; and has been promised to be the only living thing in the world that is visible from space. This magnificent reef really stretches over 2,600 km.
Tourism earned in the Reef earn over AU$ 4-5 billion annually; which makes it a really lucrative source of outside income. It’s thirty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises are recorded in the reef also. It was also studied that six species of sea turtles arrive at the reef to breed.
And about vegetation, there are 215 species of birds. There are over 1,500 species of fish which live on the world.
Amazing Barrier Reef cities include Cairns, Townsville, Rockhampton, Mckay, Bundaberg, and Maryborough possess a feeling of individuality which made them separate centers that do not rely on Brisbane. This is all located in Queensland, which is unique amongst the Australian countries as it has a massive number of real coastal capitals.
Back in 2006, there were roughly 820 operators and 1500 boats and aircraft allowed to operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park providing the ease of accessibility for all to experience the Great Barrier Reef and find out about its Natural wonders and breathtaking World Heritage values.
Another intriguing Great Barrier Reef fact is that it is a breeding area for humpback whales, migrating out of the Antarctic and is also the habitat of a few endangered species such as the Dugong or the Sea Cow and the big Green Sea Turtle.
A closer encounter with the Great Barrier Reef’s impressive coral gardens show a whole lot of astonishing marine life attractions including the world’s largest collection of corals (easily over 400 corals as a matter of fact). Additionally, it includes mollusks, stingrays, sponges, dolphins, over 1500 species of fish, over 200 kinds of birds, approximately 20 kinds of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old.
As we enter mid-spring and the weather eventually begins to warm up a bit, we expect to see quite a few thunderstorms in Oregon. Inspiring awe in certain while scaring the pants off others (but not ME, I am definitely not scared of lightning. No sir,) it is no surprise that cultures all over the world associate lightning with deity. But just what is it?
It is not quite clear how the clouds attain these charges in the first place, but one theory is that different kinds of liquid (vapor, ice and water droplets) collide as they rise and fall inside a cloud. In the crash, electrons are knocked from the moisture and they gather at the bottom of the cloud, creating the negative charge. It’s believed that rising moisture then carries a positive charge to the peak of the cloud. The charge separation within the cloud is what creates an electrical field, the strength of which can be linked to the amount of charge buildup in the cloud.
When the electric charge within the cloud becomes quite strong, the air becomes ionized (the positive ions and electrons are spaced further apart than before and the electrons can move more freely.) The powerful ionization causes the air to begin to break down, allowing for currents to flow in an attempt to neutralize the charge. These currents are known as leaders, and they provide a path through the cloud for the lightning to follow. The first (or stepped) leader doesn’t move easily, but jumps in a jagged fashion. Many leaders form at precisely the same time, but the first one to make contact with the floor is the one that gets the lightning.
The entire process is somewhat more complicated, but there you have the fundamentals of how lightning is formed. Lightning is much too strong for even the best of surge protectors to protect against, and it can reach temperatures of 54,000 °F. (For comparison- the surface of the sun is just about 9,900 °F.) An average bolt of lightning carries about 30,000 amps.
Lightning is a complex phenomenon with many exceptions and variations.
For example, do you know:
Why We Watch Lightning During Volcanic Eruptions?
If you saw photos of the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull that erupted in 2010, you may have seen lightning within the plumes of smoke and thought that they definitely need to be photoshopped. Not so!
There’s still research being conducted to the definitive reason for lightning within the smoke plumes of volcanoes, but the general consensus involves, of all things, dust. The idea is that dust/smoke/ash particles take little charges which become amplified during the chaos of racing from a volcano. With every collision of a single particle with another, the charges become more and more polarized until lightning is unavoidable because the polarization becomes too great for the atmosphere to resist the flow of electricity. The lightning neutralizes the charge separation, essentially relieving the strain of polarization.
There’s another lesser known sort of volcanic lightning, however, which occurs right at the mouth of the volcano and is much less orderly (not the ordinary branching, bolting lightning we’re used to seeing), manifesting as chaotic sparks probably as the result of a hefty charge inside the volcano itself.
How Many Different Kinds of Lightning You will find?
The typical classifications are as follows:
Cloud-to-cloud (intercloud, which is lightning moving between separate clouds, and intracloud, which is lightning moving in the same cloud).
Cloud-to-ground lightning is more complex than a simple bolt shooting directly from a cloud, however, and includes charges moving up and down from both the cloud and the ground.
Cloud-to-sky (Also called sprites, cloud-to-sky lightning occurs in the upper atmosphere. They lack the hot temperatures of different types of lightning, and normally have a reddish-orange hue.)
Lightning is also occasionally further specified as:
Bead lightning (The corrosion of the luminosity of the bolt of lightning, resulting in a beaded appearance. This happens very quickly and is difficult to capture.)
St. Elmo’s Fire This is not actually lightning, but often closely associated with it and seen during electrical storms. St. Elmo’s Fire (not to be confused with ball lightning as it frequently is) is caused by a gap in electric charge. It’s made of plasma (ionized air that emits a glow) and, while lightning is the movement of power from a charged point, St. Elmo’s Fire is a coronal discharge that sparks up at the area where there is a drastic difference in charge between the atmosphere and an object like the mast of a boat or the steeple of a church. St. Elmo’s Fire is exactly the same thing that occurs in a fluorescent tube- basically a constant spark, glowing blue due to the particular combination of air molecules. It may also choose a purple hue.
St. Elmo’s Fire is quite difficult to locate accurate videos or images of. Many videos exist that claim to be St. Elmo’s Fire but are actually just static discharge (a frequent occurrence around airplanes in the middle of storms). An easy way to tell the difference is that St. Elmo’s Fire does not look like lightning- rather it emits a steady glow.
Ball lightning- The most mysterious sort of”lightning”, there’s some dispute among scientists as to whether ball lightning actually exists.
Lightning regularly strikes water, so never go swimming or boating during a storm. If you are in the water when a storm starts, get out of the water as quickly as you can.
Lightning strikes will follow anything that conducts electricity, so stay off your landline phone during a storm and flip off/unplug your computers. If lightning strikes your property, even the strongest of surge protectors will have trouble protecting your equipment. (Radio waves do not conduct electricity, so as long as your mobile phone isn’t plugged in to an outlet and you are not standing outside during the storm using the metallic apparatus held to your face, it is safe to use it. They don’t inexplicably”attract” lightning more than any other item with metal inside ).
Lightning does in fact strike twice (the Empire State building is struck 20-25 times per year), so don’t rely on old adages for your security details.
If you’re caught in a thunderstorm and cannot get inside to security, crouch low to the ground but do not lay flat. Try to keep as much of your body from touching the ground as possible, since you are in more danger of being injured by currents traveling across the ground after a lightning strike than of being stricken straight by a bolt.
Ten seconds equals two miles, etc..
Lightning in Mythology
One has only to view an electric storm themselves to comprehend why so many people have associated lightning and thunder with deity. A few popular legends and myths about lightning:
The Thunderbird common to North American native cultures is said to create thunder by the beating of its wings, and lightning is made by glowing snakes it conveys or directly from its eyes.
Thor is the Norse hammer-wielding god of thunder.
There is a lot more to learn about lightning in all its various incarnations. It’s a stark reminder of the unbelievable powerful forces of nature that surround us on all sides.
Here are 25 facts you might not know about the popular Four leaf clover.
A Four Leaf Clover is truly an mutation of the shamrock (a clover with only three-leaf), it could only occur in roughly 1 in 10,000 shamrocks.
Lucky clover, rabbit’s foot, and horseshoes are the most typical good luck charms of North America.
According to Irish legend, St. Patrick used the Shamrock’s three leaves to educate the pagans about Christianity. When it is found with the extra fourth leaf, it represents God’s Grace.
The most significant clover collection is by George J. Kaminski (b. 1951) that has single-handily collected 72,927 mutated Clovers since 1995. They were collected from areas within prison grounds in Pennsylvania, USA.
The new world record for the Most Clovers Located in the Fastest Time is May 20th, 2010 by John Christian Stokes, 10, who discovered three within 20 minutes while playing with his brother out his home in Dickson.
The Guinness world record for the biggest collection of clovers belongs to Edward Martin Sr. from Cooper Landing, Alaska, USA, with 111,060 lucky clovers, as of May 2007, which he’s been collecting since 1999.
On March 17th, 2010, Fox News reported”Irish Shamrock Shortage Has St. Patrick’s Day Celebrations on Shaky Ground”, and because there’s only one lucky lover in every 10,000 shamrocks, making the lucky clover nearly impossible to discover.
A 21-leaf clover found on June 3, 2008 by Iwate prefecture farmer Shigeo Obara and has shattered the Guinness world record for many leaves on a clover stem.
A shamrock is regarded as a young clover.
“The Cloverleaf Interchange” is named for the similarity of the 4 leaves pattern when seen from atmosphere” – Wikipedia
The lucky clover was successfully cultivated. There are clover with over five leaflets, but they’re extremely rare. It is generally thought that more leafs; the luckier it’s.
-Sarah Jessica Parker of popular TV series”sex in the city”.
Kids in the Middle Ages believed they may see fairies if they discovered a lucky clover.
It is good luck to discover a lucky clover. Clover protects human beings and creatures from the charm of magicians and the wiles of fairies, and it brings good luck to those who keep it in the home.
It’s thought that finding a lucky clover will bring you fame, health, wealth and a loyal relationship.
According to legend of western civilizations, each of the four leafs represent faith, faith, love and fortune.
The lucky clover is one of the most popular tattoo topics for body art. It signify”good luck” or an Irish pride or ancestry. It’s often synonymous with shamrock.
There are numerous popular song recorded with the titled – four leaf clover. Artist contains: Abra Moore, Badly Drawn Boy,, Erykah Badu and Stryper have songs written about this great luck charm.
Metallica an American heavy metal band recorded”NO LEAF CLOVER” in 1999 as contrary the meaning of”Four Leaf Clover”, the song lyrics explain an unexpected shift from good fortune to bad.
When it comes to drinks, individuals are able to make use of numerous ingredients. These ingredients can provide you with unique tastes that can satisfy our needs. However, some people add special ingredients for their beverages to be able to attain wonderful advantages.
With respect to coffee, a growing number of folks are adding butter. For some, adding butter to java can be new. However, experts claim that butter coffee is a longstanding tradition in many areas of the world. By adding such fixing, folks can make coffee tastier, without compromising the benefits of the coffee. Other than that, experts also claim that butter coffee offers a wide assortment of health benefits. Following are some of the following.
First of all, butter coffee is proven to help individuals lose weight. This is possible because grass-fed butter which is commonly added in coffee can be metabolized very quickly in the liver. Additionally, experts also claim that butter coffee can cause your body to increase fat-burning, resulting in weight loss. Additionally, this coffee is also known to possess high omega-3 count which may improve gut health and enhance anti-inflammatory properties.
Features high healthy fats content
Most individuals are aware that fats cause many health conditions. These include hypertension and obesity, diabetes, and gallbladder disease. High fat intake can also cause risk of breast cancer directly through increased blood estrogen levels. However, butter most notably grass-fed ones are known to provide healthy fats. And, butter is also full of fat-soluble vitamins and trace minerals, including beneficial selenium, a potent antioxidant.
Keep the brain healthy
Another benefit of drinking butter coffee is that it can keep the brain healthy. Additionally, this coffee can act as a mild cognitive enhancer. It can also help reduce anxiety, improve mood, and can help cognitive decline in elderly populations. This sort of coffee also provides omega-6 since it can improve brain function, and normal growth and development.
Finally, butter coffee can also help people increase their energy. Fat is known as a fantastic source of energy. And, butter coffee includes high levels of it. As stated earlier, butter contains omega-6, which may maintain bone health, regulate metabolism, and keep the reproductive system. As a result, individuals have enough energy to deal with their tasks and duties easily and correctly. Butter coffee can also help athletic performance even in the event you do not have the time to grab breakfast.
These are only a few of the amazing benefits that people can obtain when drinking coffee with grass-fed butter.