What Constitutes a Bio Hazard Waste

Biohazard, Warning, Symbol, Danger

Biohazardous waste is any biological residue That’s potentially harmful for human or animal health, such as:

• human blood and its components, in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not • human physiological fluids (such as semen, vaginal secretions, cerebral spinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, and saliva), in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not

• human pathological waste: all human cells, organs, and body components

• microbiological waste: lab byproducts containing infectious agents (including lost specimen cultures, stocks of etiologic agents, discarded live and attenuated viruses, wastes from the production of biologicals and serums, disposable culture dishes, and devices used to transfer, inoculate and mix cultures)

• sharps waste: sharp medical utensils such as scalpels, needles, glass slides, lancets, glass pipettes, broken glass which were contaminated with potentially infectious material.

To help laboratories and health care operators browse through the rigorous legislation on hazardous waste disposal, the Department of Health has generated the following classification:

Offensive waste

It’s non-clinical waste that is non-infectious and does not contain chemical or pharmaceutical substances, but might be disagreeable to anyone who comes into contact with it.

You have to segregate health offensive residues from both clinical and mixed municipal rubbish.

If you have produced over 7kg of civil atomic byproducts, or have more than 1 bag in a collection period, you need to segregate it from any mixed municipal waste.

If you have made less, you can eliminate your municipal offensive waste on your mixed municipal waste (‘black bag’).

It needs to be kept separately from any rust waste that is infectious, which should be put in the bagged infectious clinical waste flow.

Waste medicines

A medication is considered to be cytotoxic or cytostatic for classification purposes if it is some of the following:

• acutely toxic

• carcinogenic

• mutagenic

The safe management and disposal of sharps is very important to ensure the risks associated with handling sharps are removed and to guarantee compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations (Special Waste Regulations in Scotland).

The use of sharps is set by the medicinal contamination. To guarantee compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations the right segregation and storage of sharps in color coded bins and unique containers is important.

• Orange bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps not containing or contaminated with medications, like sharps used for blood samples and acupuncture

• Yellow bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps contaminated with or containing medications or anaesthetics

• Purple bins-For the disposal of sharps and medications with Cyto-toxic or Cyto-static contents or contamination

• Blue bins-For the use of out of date medications, used medication denaturing kits and lost items from usage in the handling of pharmaceuticals such as boxes or bottles with residues, gloves, gloves, connecting tubes, syringe bodies and medication vials Anatomical waste.

Anatomical waste from operating theatres requires particular containment and must be stored, transported and disposed of as hazardous waste to make sure that there’s not any threat to human health or to the environment.

• Body parts

• Organs

• Wastes classified as’hazardous’ at The Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 amended 2016 (Schedules 1 and 2) or at The European Waste Catalogue (EWC)’List of Wastes’.

• Other wastes that exhibit one or more of the hazardous properties (HP1 to HP15) recorded in the Regulations (see the Environment Agency Guidance WM3).

Any health care equipment or other equipment (such as gloves, towels, used bandages and dressings, tubes) that come into contact with toxic materials and consequently display more than trace elements of those materials are also classified as toxic waste.

The Environmental Protection Act includes a’Duty of Care’ which requires all persons involved with the handling of waste, including manufacturers, to take appropriate and reasonable measures to ensure that:

• Waste is only kept, treated, deposited or disposed of in accordance with a waste management licence or other authorisation;

• Waste doesn’t escape from the control of the holder;

• Waste is just transferred to authorised persons like registered waste carriers or licensed disposal operations allowed to take that type of waste;

• All transfers / movements of this waste are accompanied by an adequate written description of the waste that will allow waste to be identified and then handled properly.

All Waste Matters provide specialist laboratory waste disposal services to a broad customer base throughout the UK, from industrial labs to schools, universities and colleges.

From our fully licensed waste management facility site in Kent, we can provide a tailored lab waste disposal and collection service of any undesirable chemicals and lab waste.

We gather with our own vehicles and our accredited lab waste disposal facility is often inspected by the Environment Agency.

This is vital in providing our clients with complete peace of mind and ensuring that the laboratory waste is handled in-keeping and surpassing all recommended guidelines.

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